Department of Numbers

Durham North Carolina Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Durham, NC (the Durham-Chapel Hill metro area) was $947 in 2016 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent in Durham was $964 in 2016. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2017 Durham median and average rent data will be released in September of 2018.

Data is also available below for Durham rental vacancy rates, Durham rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Durham.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Durham North Carolina (2016 dollars)2

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $981 +0.93% +7.80%
North Carolina Median Gross Rent $839 +0.12% +7.29%
Durham, NC Median Gross Rent $947 +2.16% +8.23%

Durham, NC Real Gross Rent Trends

At $947, real median gross rent in Durham was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005. At $964, real average gross rent in Durham was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005.

Real Gross Rent in Durham: Durham NC Median, Durham NC Average, North Carolina Median, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Durham

Date US
Median
North Carolina
Median
Durham, NC
Median
Durham, NC
Average
2016 $981 $839 $947 $964
2015 $972 $838 $927 $945
2014 $942 $810 $915 $926
2013 $910 $782 $875 $891
2012 $898 $768 $841 $876
2011 $898 $768 $829 $841
2010 $912 $780 $840 $887
2009 $916 $784 $835 $857
2008 $932 $785 $883 $915
2007 $885 $761 $835 $819
2006 $895 $769 $870 $895
2005 $869 $758 $848 $831

Durham Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2016 the rental vacancy rate for Durham North Carolina was 6.92% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Durham North Carolina

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 5.89% +0.04% -0.60%
North Carolina 6.99% -0.03% -0.47%
Durham, NC 6.92% +0.51% +2.11%

Trends in Durham, NC Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Durham peaked in 2007 at 11.02%. Since then it has fallen by 4.10% to 6.92%. Data records for this series originated in 2005. From a 2014 post peak low of 4.36%, the rental vacancy rate has increased by 2.56%.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Durham NC, North Carolina, US

Rental vacancy rate in North Carolina

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Durham

Date US North Carolina Durham, NC
2016 5.89% 6.99% 6.92%
2015 5.85% 7.02% 6.41%
2014 6.32% 7.29% 4.36%
2013 6.49% 7.46% 4.81%
2012 6.77% 8.00% 6.57%
2011 7.40% 9.31% 8.29%
2010 8.17% 9.97% 8.11%
2009 8.43% 10.10% 8.24%
2008 7.86% 9.58% 9.46%
2007 7.87% 9.26% 11.02%
2006 7.70% 9.98% 10.64%
2005 7.74% 9.99% 10.28%

Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Durham, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Durham, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 20.23% in 2016 according to the ACS.

Durham North Carolina Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.43% -0.20% -0.35%
North Carolina 19.90% -0.84% -0.43%
Durham, NC 20.23% -0.05% +0.71%

Trends in Durham, NC Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Durham household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2014 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 20.96%. Since then it has fallen by 0.73% to 20.23%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Durham NC, North Carolina, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Durham North Carolina

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Durham North Carolina

Date US North Carolina Durham, NC
2016 20.43% 19.90% 20.23%
2015 20.63% 20.75% 20.27%
2014 20.89% 20.70% 20.96%
2013 20.78% 20.34% 19.52%
2012 20.65% 20.09% 19.77%
2011 20.70% 20.36% 19.82%
2010 20.50% 20.25% 19.68%
2009 20.12% 19.78% 18.44%
2008 19.00% 17.89% 17.90%
2007 18.66% 18.21% 18.46%
2006 18.90% 18.47% 19.12%
2005 18.89% 18.71% 19.21%

Renter Fraction in Durham North Carolina

You can calculate the renter fraction in Durham in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Durham as a fraction of total Durham households. In 2016 39.97% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Durham Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.88% -0.09% +0.38%
North Carolina 35.78% -0.35% +0.04%
Durham, NC 39.97% -1.74% -0.81%

Trends in the Durham, NC Renter Fraction

The Durham household renter fraction peaked in in 2015 at 41.71% and is now 1.74% below that level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Durham NC, North Carolina, US

Fraction of renters in Durham

History of Durham Renter Fraction

Date US North Carolina Durham, NC
2016 36.88% 35.78% 39.97%
2015 36.97% 36.13% 41.71%
2014 36.90% 35.75% 41.38%
2013 36.50% 35.74% 40.78%
2012 36.09% 34.56% 40.63%
2011 35.42% 33.49% 39.68%
2010 34.65% 32.83% 39.32%
2009 34.13% 32.81% 37.55%
2008 33.36% 31.82% 39.41%
2007 32.80% 31.70% 38.93%
2006 32.73% 31.94% 39.34%
2005 33.10% 31.81% 38.84%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U less shelter series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.