Department of Numbers

Minnesota Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Minnesota was $912 in 2016 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent was $941 in 2016. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2017 Minnesota median and average rent data will be released in September of 2018.

Data is also available below for Minnesota rental vacancy rates, Minnesota rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Minnesota.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Minnesota (2016 dollars)2

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $981 +0.93% +7.80%
Minnesota Median Gross Rent $912 +1.33% +8.96%

Minnesota Real Gross Rent Trends

At $912, real median gross rent in Minnesota was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005. At $941, real average gross rent in Minnesota was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005.

Real Gross Rent in Minnesota: Median, Average, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Minnesota

Date US Median Minnesota Median Minnesota Average
2016 $981 $912 $941
2015 $972 $900 $928
2014 $942 $866 $891
2013 $910 $837 $866
2012 $898 $826 $844
2011 $898 $812 $830
2010 $912 $815 $842
2009 $916 $824 $842
2008 $932 $830 $855
2007 $885 $798 $822
2006 $895 $822 $834
2005 $869 $826 $827

Minnesota Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2016 the rental vacancy rate for Minnesota was 4.01% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Minnesota

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 5.89% +0.04% -0.60%
Minnesota 4.01% -0.34% +0.07%

Trends in Minnesota Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Minnesota peaked in 2005 at 8.20%. Since then it has fallen by 4.19% to 4.01%. Data records for this series originated in 2005. From a 2013 post peak low of 3.94%, the rental vacancy rate has increased by 0.07%.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Minnesota, US

Rental vacancy rate in Minnesota

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Minnesota

Date US Minnesota
2016 5.89% 4.01%
2015 5.85% 4.35%
2014 6.32% 4.53%
2013 6.49% 3.94%
2012 6.77% 4.10%
2011 7.40% 5.37%
2010 8.17% 5.96%
2009 8.43% 5.97%
2008 7.86% 5.76%
2007 7.87% 7.07%
2006 7.70% 8.06%
2005 7.74% 8.20%

Minnesota Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Minnesota, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Minnesota, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 16.68% in 2016 according to the ACS.

Minnesota Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.43% -0.20% -0.35%
Minnesota 16.68% -0.10% +0.24%

Trends in Minnesota Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Minnesota household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2015 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 16.78%. Since then it has fallen by 0.10% to 16.68%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Minnesota, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Minnesota

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Minnesota

Date US Minnesota
2016 20.43% 16.68%
2015 20.63% 16.78%
2014 20.89% 16.77%
2013 20.78% 16.45%
2012 20.65% 16.56%
2011 20.70% 16.58%
2010 20.50% 16.53%
2009 20.12% 16.33%
2008 19.00% 15.37%
2007 18.66% 15.29%
2006 18.90% 15.57%
2005 18.89% 15.96%

Renter Fraction in Minnesota

You can calculate the renter fraction in Minnesota in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Minnesota as a fraction of total Minnesota households. In 2016 28.70% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Minnesota Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.88% -0.09% +0.38%
Minnesota 28.70% -0.36% +0.25%

Trends in the Minnesota Renter Fraction

The Minnesota household renter fraction peaked in in 2015 at 29.06% and is now 0.36% below that level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Minnesota, US

Fraction of renters in Minnesota

History of Minnesota Renter Fraction

Date US Minnesota
2016 36.88% 28.70%
2015 36.97% 29.06%
2014 36.90% 28.31%
2013 36.50% 28.45%
2012 36.09% 28.56%
2011 35.42% 27.24%
2010 34.65% 26.98%
2009 34.13% 26.29%
2008 33.36% 25.34%
2007 32.80% 24.76%
2006 32.73% 23.70%
2005 33.10% 24.23%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U less shelter series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.