Department of Numbers

Brownsville Texas Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Brownsville, TX (the Brownsville-Harlingen metro area) was $679 in 2016 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent in Brownsville was $653 in 2016. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2017 Brownsville median and average rent data will be released in September of 2018.

Data is also available below for Brownsville rental vacancy rates, Brownsville rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Brownsville.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Brownsville Texas (2016 dollars)2

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $981 +0.93% +7.80%
Texas Median Gross Rent $956 +1.27% +10.90%
Brownsville, TX Median Gross Rent $679 +4.30% +10.41%

Brownsville, TX Real Gross Rent Trends

At $679, real median gross rent in Brownsville was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005. At $653, real average gross rent in Brownsville was at its highest level in 2016 since the series began in 2005.

Real Gross Rent in Brownsville: Brownsville TX Median, Brownsville TX Average, Texas Median, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Brownsville

Date US
Median
Texas
Median
Brownsville, TX
Median
Brownsville, TX
Average
2016 $981 $956 $679 $653
2015 $972 $944 $651 $602
2014 $942 $903 $658 $621
2013 $910 $862 $615 $576
2012 $898 $844 $620 $582
2011 $898 $839 $659 $621
2010 $912 $855 $674 $652
2009 $916 $858 $643 $605
2008 $932 $869 $636 $619
2007 $885 $824 $552 $539
2006 $895 $834 $638 $566
2005 $869 $801 $617 $578

Brownsville Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2016 the rental vacancy rate for Brownsville Texas was 8.76% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Brownsville Texas

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 5.89% +0.04% -0.60%
Texas 7.65% +0.70% -0.21%
Brownsville, TX 8.76% -0.12% -5.29%

Trends in Brownsville, TX Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Brownsville peaked in 2013 at 14.05%. Since then it has fallen by 5.29% to 8.76%. Data records for this series originated in 2005.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Brownsville TX, Texas, US

Rental vacancy rate in Texas

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Brownsville

Date US Texas Brownsville, TX
2016 5.89% 7.65% 8.76%
2015 5.85% 6.95% 8.88%
2014 6.32% 7.30% 12.34%
2013 6.49% 7.86% 14.05%
2012 6.77% 8.53% 11.01%
2011 7.40% 9.23% 7.48%
2010 8.17% 10.60% 10.22%
2009 8.43% 10.69% 8.73%
2008 7.86% 10.24% 11.07%
2007 7.87% 10.61% 7.89%
2006 7.70% 10.28% 9.44%
2005 7.74% 10.60% 11.82%

Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Brownsville, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Brownsville, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 21.99% in 2016 according to the ACS.

Brownsville Texas Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.43% -0.20% -0.35%
Texas 20.28% +0.19% +0.39%
Brownsville, TX 21.99% -0.66% +0.62%

Trends in Brownsville, TX Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Brownsville household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2005 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 25.13%. Since then it has fallen by 3.15% to 21.99%. From a 2007 low of 20.12%, the fraction of income going to rent has increased by 1.87%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Brownsville TX, Texas, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Brownsville Texas

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Brownsville Texas

Date US Texas Brownsville, TX
2016 20.43% 20.28% 21.99%
2015 20.63% 20.10% 22.64%
2014 20.89% 20.27% 24.42%
2013 20.78% 19.89% 21.36%
2012 20.65% 19.65% 23.65%
2011 20.70% 19.75% 23.91%
2010 20.50% 19.77% 23.90%
2009 20.12% 19.59% 22.98%
2008 19.00% 18.42% 22.02%
2007 18.66% 18.52% 20.12%
2006 18.90% 18.99% 23.59%
2005 18.89% 19.11% 25.13%

Renter Fraction in Brownsville Texas

You can calculate the renter fraction in Brownsville in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Brownsville as a fraction of total Brownsville households. In 2016 33.54% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Brownsville Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.88% -0.09% +0.38%
Texas 38.91% -0.03% +0.75%
Brownsville, TX 33.54% -0.47% +2.23%

Trends in the Brownsville, TX Renter Fraction

The Brownsville household renter fraction peaked in in 2012 at 35.69% and is now 2.15% below that level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Brownsville TX, Texas, US

Fraction of renters in Brownsville

History of Brownsville Renter Fraction

Date US Texas Brownsville, TX
2016 36.88% 38.91% 33.54%
2015 36.97% 38.94% 34.01%
2014 36.90% 38.84% 33.06%
2013 36.50% 38.16% 31.31%
2012 36.09% 37.72% 35.69%
2011 35.42% 37.08% 32.15%
2010 34.65% 36.42% 32.44%
2009 34.13% 36.32% 33.71%
2008 33.36% 35.10% 32.61%
2007 32.80% 34.82% 32.10%
2006 32.73% 34.75% 30.65%
2005 33.10% 35.29% 34.58%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U less shelter series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.