Department of Numbers

Napa California Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Napa, CA (the Napa metro area) was $1,480 in 2016 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent in Napa was $1,484 in 2016. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2017 Napa median and average rent data will be released in September of 2018.

Data is also available below for Napa rental vacancy rates, Napa rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Napa.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Napa California (2016 dollars)2

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $981 +0.93% +7.80%
California Median Gross Rent $1,375 +3.54% +11.70%
Napa, CA Median Gross Rent $1,480 -3.65% +13.32%

Napa, CA Real Gross Rent Trends

Median gross rent for Napa peaked in real terms in 2015 at $1,536 and is now $56 (3.65%) lower. Average gross rent for Napa peaked in real terms in 2015 at $1,502 and is now $18 (1.20%) lower.

Real Gross Rent in Napa: Napa CA Median, Napa CA Average, California Median, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Napa

Date US
Median
California
Median
Napa, CA
Median
Napa, CA
Average
2016 $981 $1,375 $1,480 $1,484
2015 $972 $1,328 $1,536 $1,502
2014 $942 $1,278 $1,462 $1,489
2013 $910 $1,231 $1,306 $1,340
2012 $898 $1,219 $1,296 $1,327
2011 $898 $1,211 $1,357 $1,298
2010 $912 $1,241 $1,266 $1,286
2009 $916 $1,257 $1,342 $1,408
2008 $932 $1,284 $1,329 $1,339
2007 $885 $1,210 $1,293 $1,249
2006 $895 $1,207 $1,256 $1,259
2005 $869 $1,162 $1,286 $1,377

Napa Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2016 the rental vacancy rate for Napa California was 4.58% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Napa California

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 5.89% +0.04% -0.60%
California 3.31% -0.02% -0.91%
Napa, CA 4.58%

Trends in Napa, CA Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Napa peaked in 2012 at 10.02%. Since then it has fallen by 5.44% to 4.58%. Data records for this series originated in 2005.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Napa CA, California, US

Rental vacancy rate in California

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Napa

Date US California Napa, CA
2016 5.89% 3.31% 4.58%
2015 5.85% 3.33%
2014 6.32% 3.90% 3.36%
2013 6.49% 4.22%
2012 6.77% 4.51% 10.02%
2011 7.40% 4.94%
2010 8.17% 5.86%
2009 8.43% 5.76%
2008 7.86% 4.71% 3.78%
2007 7.87% 4.72%
2006 7.70% 4.67% 2.16%
2005 7.74% 4.61% 6.39%

Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Napa, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Napa, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 23.66% in 2016 according to the ACS.

Napa California Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.43% -0.20% -0.35%
California 24.36% -0.03% -0.04%
Napa, CA 23.66% -0.44% +1.67%

Trends in Napa, CA Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Napa household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2011 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 25.69%. Since then it has fallen by 2.04% to 23.66%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Napa CA, California, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Napa California

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Napa California

Date US California Napa, CA
2016 20.43% 24.36% 23.66%
2015 20.63% 24.39% 24.09%
2014 20.89% 24.57% 23.47%
2013 20.78% 24.40% 21.98%
2012 20.65% 24.69% 22.34%
2011 20.70% 24.59% 25.69%
2010 20.50% 24.18% 22.10%
2009 20.12% 23.52% 21.59%
2008 19.00% 22.32% 21.64%
2007 18.66% 21.58% 22.27%
2006 18.90% 21.80% 19.28%
2005 18.89% 21.77% 19.80%

Renter Fraction in Napa California

You can calculate the renter fraction in Napa in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Napa as a fraction of total Napa households. In 2016 36.34% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Napa Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2016 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.88% -0.09% +0.38%
California 46.36% -0.05% +0.15%
Napa, CA 36.34% -1.86% -1.39%

Trends in the Napa, CA Renter Fraction

The Napa household renter fraction peaked in in 2011 at 45.56% and is now 9.22% below that level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Napa CA, California, US

Fraction of renters in Napa

History of Napa Renter Fraction

Date US California Napa, CA
2016 36.88% 46.36% 36.34%
2015 36.97% 46.41% 38.20%
2014 36.90% 46.27% 36.67%
2013 36.50% 46.21% 37.73%
2012 36.09% 45.97% 39.41%
2011 35.42% 45.12% 45.56%
2010 34.65% 44.36% 37.80%
2009 34.13% 43.43% 36.14%
2008 33.36% 42.95% 35.15%
2007 32.80% 42.00% 34.17%
2006 32.73% 41.55% 37.49%
2005 33.10% 41.56% 32.94%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U less shelter series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.