Department of Numbers

US Employment and Jobs

There were 142,373,000 jobs in the US in October 2020 according to the CES survey of employers. The CPS survey of households showed 149,806,000 employed persons for the month. The US added 638,000 jobs in October 2020 according to the CES survey while the broader CPS employment measure rose by 2,243,000. (Comparing CES and CPS employment numbers.)

Employment Survey October 2020 Month/Month Year/Year
CES 142,373,000 +638,000 -9,180,000
CPS 149,806,000 +2,243,000 -8,738,000

Employment Changes

The charts below show the monthly change in the US as measured by the CES and CPS surveys. To illustrate the trend, the 3 month moving average change in employment is shown in green.

CES Employment Change: 1 Month, Rolling 3 Month

CPS Employment Change: 1 Month, Rolling 3 Month

Total US Employment

CES employment peaked for the US in February 2020 at 152,463,000. Since then 10,090,000 jobs have been lost according to the employer survey. From a trough of 130,303,000 in April 2020, the US has added 12,070,000 jobs according to CES employment figures.

CPS employment reached a maximum of 158,803,000 in December 2019. 8,997,000 have been lost since then according to the household survey. From a April 2020 low of 133,403,000, the US has added 16,403,000 jobs according to the CPS survey.

Employment: CES, CPS

CES and CPS employment chart through October 2020

US Employment History

Date CES
Employment
CES
Month/Month
CPS
Employment
CPS
Month/Month
October 2020 142,373,000 638K 149,806,000 2,243K
September 2020 141,735,000 672K 147,563,000 275K
August 2020 141,063,000 1,493K 147,288,000 3,756K
July 2020 139,570,000 1,761K 143,532,000 1,350K
June 2020 137,809,000 4,781K 142,182,000 4,940K
May 2020 133,028,000 2,725K 137,242,000 3,839K
April 2020 130,303,000 -20,787K 133,403,000 -22,369K
March 2020 151,090,000 -1,373K 155,772,000 -2,987K
February 2020 152,463,000 251K 158,759,000 45K
January 2020 152,212,000 214K 158,714,000 -89K
December 2019 151,998,000 184K 158,803,000 267K
November 2019 151,814,000 261K 158,536,000 -8K