Department of Numbers

Richmond Virginia Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Richmond, VA (the Richmond metro area) was $1,019 in 2015 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent in Richmond was $1,026 in 2015. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2016 Richmond median and average rent data will be released in September of 2017.

Data is also available below for Richmond rental vacancy rates, Richmond rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Richmond.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Richmond Virginia (2015 dollars)2

2015 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $959 +3.12% +8.24%
Virginia Median Gross Rent $1,144 +2.97% +6.82%
Richmond, VA Median Gross Rent $1,019 +1.29% +8.17%

Richmond, VA Real Gross Rent Trends

At $1,019, real median gross rent in Richmond was at its highest level in 2015 since the series began in 2005. At $1,026, real average gross rent in Richmond was at its highest level in 2015 since the series began in 2005.

Real Gross Rent in Richmond: Richmond VA Median, Richmond VA Average, Virginia Median, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Richmond

Date US
Median
Virginia
Median
Richmond, VA
Median
Richmond, VA
Average
2015 $959 $1,144 $1,019 $1,026
2014 $930 $1,111 $1,006 $993
2013 $898 $1,078 $952 $955
2012 $886 $1,071 $942 $934
2011 $887 $1,081 $942 $913
2010 $901 $1,073 $951 $949
2009 $905 $1,063 $968 $964
2008 $920 $1,043 $967 $938
2007 $874 $988 $919 $905
2006 $883 $979 $918 $896
2005 $858 $957 $879 $883

Richmond Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2015 the rental vacancy rate for Richmond Virginia was 3.51% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Richmond Virginia

2015 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 5.85% -0.47% -0.92%
Virginia 5.13% -0.66% -1.05%
Richmond, VA 3.51% -2.80% -6.60%

Trends in Richmond, VA Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Richmond peaked in 2011 at 13.19%. Since then it has fallen by 9.68% to 3.51%. Data records for this series originated in 2005.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Richmond VA, Virginia, US

Rental vacancy rate in Virginia

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Richmond

Date US Virginia Richmond, VA
2015 5.85% 5.13% 3.51%
2014 6.32% 5.79% 6.31%
2013 6.49% 6.38% 6.26%
2012 6.77% 6.18% 10.11%
2011 7.40% 7.54% 13.19%
2010 8.17% 7.02% 12.69%
2009 8.43% 7.29% 7.78%
2008 7.86% 6.82% 9.28%
2007 7.87% 7.11% 8.18%
2006 7.70% 6.88% 8.13%
2005 7.74% 7.20% 10.58%

Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Richmond, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Richmond, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 20.14% in 2015 according to the ACS.

Richmond Virginia Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2015 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.63% -0.26% -0.02%
Virginia 20.72% +0.08% -0.04%
Richmond, VA 20.14% +0.23% +0.29%

Trends in Richmond, VA Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Richmond household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2011 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 20.26%. Since then it has fallen by 0.12% to 20.14%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Richmond VA, Virginia, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Richmond Virginia

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Richmond Virginia

Date US Virginia Richmond, VA
2015 20.63% 20.72% 20.14%
2014 20.89% 20.63% 19.91%
2013 20.78% 20.80% 20.09%
2012 20.65% 20.76% 19.85%
2011 20.70% 20.59% 20.26%
2010 20.50% 20.15% 19.59%
2009 20.12% 20.00% 19.44%
2008 19.00% 18.30% 17.72%
2007 18.66% 17.97% 17.55%
2006 18.90% 18.04% 17.81%
2005 18.89% 17.96% 17.04%

Renter Fraction in Richmond Virginia

You can calculate the renter fraction in Richmond in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Richmond as a fraction of total Richmond households. In 2015 35.96% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Richmond Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2015 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.97% +0.07% +0.88%
Virginia 34.99% +0.32% +1.15%
Richmond, VA 35.96% +0.66% +3.16%

Trends in the Richmond, VA Renter Fraction

At 35.96%, the 2015 household based renter fraction in Richmond was at its highest level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Richmond VA, Virginia, US

Fraction of renters in Richmond

History of Richmond Renter Fraction

Date US Virginia Richmond, VA
2015 36.97% 34.99% 35.96%
2014 36.90% 34.67% 35.30%
2013 36.50% 34.38% 35.92%
2012 36.09% 33.84% 32.80%
2011 35.42% 32.67% 33.00%
2010 34.65% 32.33% 31.16%
2009 34.13% 31.87% 31.00%
2008 33.36% 31.30% 29.65%
2007 32.80% 30.49% 31.18%
2006 32.73% 30.11% 30.29%
2005 33.10% 30.36% 30.30%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U less shelter series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.