Department of Numbers

Harrisburg Pennsylvania Residential Rent and Rental Statistics

The median monthly gross residential rent in Harrisburg, PA (the Harrisburg-Carlisle metro area) was $810 in 2012 according to the Census ACS survey.1 Average gross rent in Harrisburg was $834 in 2012. The median rent more accurately depicts rental rates in the middle of the distribution of rents and is thus preferred in the analysis below. 2013 Harrisburg median and average rent data will be released in September of 2014.

Data is also available below for Harrisburg rental vacancy rates, Harrisburg rent as a percent of median income and the fraction of renters in Harrisburg.

Show dollars as: Nominal Real

Real Gross Rent in Harrisburg Pennsylvania (2012 dollars)2

2012 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US Median Gross Rent $884 -0.23% -1.23%
Pennsylvania Median Gross Rent $798 -0.25% +1.66%
Harrisburg, PA Median Gross Rent $810 -3.11% +1.38%

Harrisburg, PA Real Gross Rent Trends

Median gross rent for Harrisburg peaked in real terms in 2011 at $836 and is now $26 (3.11%) lower. At $834, real average gross rent in Harrisburg was at its highest level in 2012 since the series began in 2005.

Real Gross Rent in Harrisburg: Harrisburg PA Median, Harrisburg PA Average, Pennsylvania Median, US Median

Lower quartile, median and upper quartile real gross rent

Real Gross Rent History for Harrisburg

Date US
Median
Pennsylvania
Median
Harrisburg, PA
Median
Harrisburg, PA
Average
2012 $884 $798 $810 $834
2011 $886 $800 $836 $828
2010 $896 $800 $826 $807
2009 $895 $785 $799 $799
2008 $901 $794 $812 $810
2007 $862 $749 $784 $768
2006 $868 $756 $772 $765
2005 $849 $755 $743 $747

Harrisburg Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate is the fraction of homes for rent that are not occupied.3 In 2012 the rental vacancy rate for Harrisburg Pennsylvania was 5.80% according to Census ACS data.

Rental Vacancy Rate in Harrisburg Pennsylvania

2012 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 6.77% -0.63% -1.66%
Pennsylvania 5.88% -0.25% -0.92%
Harrisburg, PA 5.80% -2.10% +0.28%

Trends in Harrisburg, PA Rental Vacancy Rate

The rental vacancy rate in Harrisburg peaked in 2005 at 10.37%. Since then it has fallen by 4.57% to 5.80%. Data records for this series originated in 2005. From a 2009 post peak low of 5.52%, the rental vacancy rate has increased by 0.28%.

Rental Vacancy Rate: Harrisburg PA, Pennsylvania, US

Rental vacancy rate in Pennsylvania

Historical Rental Vacancy Rate data for Harrisburg

Date US Pennsylvania Harrisburg, PA
2012 6.77% 5.88% 5.80%
2011 7.40% 6.13% 7.90%
2010 8.17% 6.47% 8.39%
2009 8.43% 6.80% 5.52%
2008 7.86% 6.65% 7.28%
2007 7.87% 7.34% 5.88%
2006 7.70% 8.09% 5.99%
2005 7.74% 7.94% 10.37%

Rent as a Fraction of Income

Using median household income data for Harrisburg, we can calculate the fraction of income the median household would use to pay rent at the median monthly gross rent rate. For Harrisburg, median monthly gross rent as a fraction of median household income was 17.76% in 2012 according to the ACS.

Harrisburg Pennsylvania Median Annual Rent as a Fraction of Median Household Income

2012 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 20.65% -0.05% +0.53%
Pennsylvania 18.69% -0.09% +0.81%
Harrisburg, PA 17.76% -0.05% +0.76%

Trends in Harrisburg, PA Rent as a Fraction of Income

The fraction of median Harrisburg household income required to pay median monthly gross rent peaked in 2011 (relative to the 2005 series origin) at 17.81%. Since then it has fallen by 0.05% to 17.76%.

Fraction of Income towards Rent: Harrisburg PA, Pennsylvania, US

Percent of median household income going towards median monthly gross rent in Harrisburg Pennsylvania

Historical Data for Annual Rent as a Fraction of Income in Harrisburg Pennsylvania

Date US Pennsylvania Harrisburg, PA
2012 20.65% 18.69% 17.76%
2011 20.70% 18.78% 17.81%
2010 20.50% 18.58% 17.51%
2009 20.12% 17.88% 16.99%
2008 19.00% 17.18% 15.62%
2007 18.66% 16.92% 16.18%
2006 18.90% 17.22% 15.85%
2005 18.89% 17.43% 14.97%

Renter Fraction in Harrisburg Pennsylvania

You can calculate the renter fraction in Harrisburg in at least two ways: by housing units or by population. I've gone with the housing units measure here. This measure looks at the number of renting households in Harrisburg as a fraction of total Harrisburg households. In 2012 32.15% of households were renters according to Census ACS data.

Harrisburg Fraction of Renters by Household Units

2012 1 Year Change 3 Year Change
US 36.09% +0.67% +1.96%
Pennsylvania 31.09% +0.58% +1.61%
Harrisburg, PA 32.15% +0.04% +0.83%

Trends in the Harrisburg, PA Renter Fraction

At 32.15%, the 2012 household based renter fraction in Harrisburg was at its highest level. The origin year for the series is 2005.

Fraction of Renting Households: Harrisburg PA, Pennsylvania, US

Fraction of renters in Harrisburg

History of Harrisburg Renter Fraction

Date US Pennsylvania Harrisburg, PA
2012 36.09% 31.09% 32.15%
2011 35.42% 30.51% 32.11%
2010 34.65% 29.87% 29.77%
2009 34.13% 29.48% 31.32%
2008 33.36% 29.15% 29.68%
2007 32.80% 28.36% 29.41%
2006 32.73% 28.28% 30.78%
2005 33.10% 28.52% 28.12%

1. Gross rent is defined as contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, water, and sewer) and fuel (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.). Because some rentals include utilities and others don't, gross rent is a way of normalizing the variability.

2. Real dollars are calculated using the CPI-U series.

3. The rental vacancy rate is computed by dividing the number of vacant units for rent by the sum of the renter-occupied units, vacant units that are for rent, and vacant units that have been rented but not yet occupied.