Department of Numbers

Los Angeles, California Home Affordability

The data below measures home affordability for the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, California metropolitan area using price-to-income and price-to-rent metrics.1 The maximum affordable loan amount for the median household income is also calculated. You can also compare Los Angeles home affordability to other cities.

Los Angeles, California Home Price-to-Income Ratios

The current price-to-income ratio for Los Angeles is 7.09 as determined by March 2014 Realtor median sales prices. The second chart shows a history of the ratio as an index calculated from the Federal Housing Finance Agency's Los Angeles HPI series. Median household income data for Los Angeles is from the Census American Community Survey.

Price-to-Income Dollar Ratio: Realtor

Price-to-Income Index Ratio: FHFA

Note: Index set to 100 in Q1 of 2000

Los Angeles, California Home Price-to-Income Ratio History

Date Realtor
(Dollar Ratio)
FHFA
(Index Ratio)
March 2014 7.09
December 2013 7.39 166.1
September 2013 7.84 159.8
June 2013 6.61 152.2
March 2013 6.03 146.4
December 2012 5.72 143.4
September 2012 5.72 141.1
June 2012 5.72 139.1
March 2012 5.72 139.1

Los Angeles, California Home Price-to-Rent Ratios

The current adjusted price-to-rent ratio for Los Angeles is 27.47 as determined by March 2014 Realtor median sales prices. This ratio is calculated using household size adjusted median contract rent for Los Angeles. The chart below shows an index of the rent ratio calculated from the metro FHFA HPI series and the Los Angeles median contract rent data from the Census ACS.

Price-to-Rent Dollar Ratio: Realtor, Realtor Adjusted Rent

Price-to-Rent Index Ratio: FHFA

Note: Index set to 100 in Q1 of 2000

Los Angeles, California Home Price-to-Rent Ratio History

Date Realtor
(Dollar Ratio)
Realtor Adjusted
(Dollar Ratio)
FHFA
(Index Ratio)
March 2014 29.54 27.47
December 2013 30.77 28.62 120.6
September 2013 32.64 30.36 116.1
June 2013 27.52 25.59 110.5
March 2013 25.13 23.37 106.3
December 2012 23.81 22.15 104.1
September 2012 23.81 22.15 102.4
June 2012 23.81 22.15 101.0
March 2012 23.81 22.15 101.0

Los Angeles, California Home Rent-to-Mortgage Payment Ratio

The rent-to-mortgage payment ratio uses the adjusted rent for Los Angeles against a 100% loan-to-value mortgage (30-year fixed) for the median price home using Realtor home sales statistics. It's a lot like a cap rate, but I find it more appealing in ratio form. A ratio of 1.0 means that annual rent is equivalent annual mortgage payments. Values less than 1.0 indicate rents are cheaper and values greater than 1.0 mean mortgage payments are cheaper. Beware, taxes are not considered here. The rent-to-mortgage payment ratio for Los Angeles was 0.61 in March 2014.

Rent-to-Mortgage Payment Dollar Ratio: Realtor

Los Angeles, California Home Rent-to-Mortgage Payment Ratio History

Date Realtor Adjusted Rent
(Dollar Ratio)
March 2014 0.61
December 2013 0.58
September 2013 0.54
June 2013 0.68
March 2013 0.79
December 2012 0.85
September 2012 0.84
June 2012 0.82
March 2012 0.79

Los Angeles, California Inferred Affordable Mortgage

The inferred affordable mortgage value is determined by taking the median household income for Los Angeles, California and calculating the mortgage 30% of that income could afford. Traditionally, 30% of income is the maximum amount a homeowner could use towards a home loan. Inferred affordable loan values are calculated from ACS median household income and average monthly mortgage rates.

Inferred Affordable Mortgage

Los Angeles, California Inferred Affordable Mortgage History

Date Inferred Mortgage
February 2014 $289,322
January 2014 $284,910
December 2013 $283,906
November 2013 $290,700
October 2013 $293,136
September 2013 $282,908
August 2013 $283,906
July 2013 $286,934
June 2013 $297,382
May 2013 $317,269
April 2013 $320,839
March 2013 $316,092
February 2013 $317,663

1. Specifically, home prices are from the non seasonally adjusted FHFA all-transactions quarterly series. Dollar ratios are calculated using NAR metro prices when available. Rent and income data are from the Census ACS and are carried forward into the following year prior to release of the new data.